Sebrights are bantams and used for ornamental purposes only as they are poor egg producers that lay 140 to 160 eggs per year.  The birds are very inbreed and have the resulting poor egg fertility but the hens do make good mothers for raising other chicks.  They originated in England, are very nervous birds that can fly quite well.

Following generations of inbreeding, the Sebright’s egg fertility success rate is also considered to be quite poor, despite this, they do make good mothers of young chicks.  Sebright chicks have high mortality rates. but the adults are generally hardy birds.   The breed is especially susceptible to Marek’s disease.  It is a soft feather bird    that is usually black, gold,  and silver.  Hens are usually around a pound or just over, roosters closer to one and a half pounds.  They lay tiny creamy white eggs.




An American breed, the Wyandotte was developed in the 1870’s and named for an American Indian tribe, the Wyandots.  A dual purpose breed it lays brown eggs and has a yellow skinned carcass.  They are popular as show birds and was originally known as the American  Sebright.   They are great for backyard flocks as they are easy birds to keep.   They are large birds, usually five to eight pounds or more.  Deep well rounded breasts, a wide back, clean un feathered legs, and a broad skull with a rose comb.  Skin and legs are yellow, red ear lobes, face, and wattles. 

They will lay around 180 to 200 eggs per year and are an excellent carcass bird.  The hens will get broody and are good mothers.  Their soft feathers make the a cold tolerant bird and a good free range bird.   Coloration ranges from white, gold laced, and silver laced but there are black, buff, and Columbian colored birds.






A Dutch breed of  domestic chicken originating out of the small village of Welsum in Eastern Netherlands in the early part of the 20th century.  Breeds used in producing the breed include Rhode Island Reds, Barnevelders, Partridge Leghorns, Cochins, and Wyandottes.    In the mid ninteen-twenties the breed had standards set and were exported for commercial egg laying farms.  The bird lays large brown eggs but isn’t usually broody.  It is a light breed, fairly docile, small head and a large five point comb. 

The  hens normally will have gold colored fine feathers around their necks and the cocks will have a rusty red feathering on their necks.  If you want an image of a Welsummer think no further than the Kellog Cornflakes rooster.   There are three main variations, Partride, Silver Duckwing, and Gold Duckwing.  There are bantam varieties in all three colors. They are a soft feathered bird with shades of brown and black and beetle green.  The roosters will weight five to six pounds, hens four to five pounds, laying around 180 eggs per year in a brown or light red color .






It would be too easy to assume this breed originated in Poland but while it is a European breed it is believed to have came from the Netherlands. The name appears to have come from the Middle Dutch word Poi which means head, referring to the breed’s unique dome shaped skull.  They have a crest of feathers that covers almost the entire head due to a protuberance on the top of their skull.  They have small V shaped combs,  and white ear lobes

Primarily a show bird they come in bearded and non bearded varities but will lay a decent amount of eggs.  Most hens won’t go broody.  They come in black, bule, buff, golden, white, and silver with frizzled feathers.  Rooster will weigh as much as five pounds, hens as much as four pounds and they lay white eggs.

The birds have been featured in numerous paintings from the  15th century forward and were introduced to the U.S in the mid nineteenth century.




Plymouth Rock


The Plymouth Rock breed is of American descent, first seen in Massachusetts in the 1800’s.  For much of the early 19th century is was a very popular dual purpose breed due to a good carcass and brown eggs.  It handles cold well and is not a flighty or nervous bird.  The bird is partly responsible for modern commercial broilers as it was used to breed some of the varieties.  They are good mothers, lay around 160 to 180 eggs per year, and live fairly long lives.  Some varieties are better at laying eggs than meat, have along broad back with deep full breasts, yellow skin and legs.. 

Their faces are red with red ear lobes, yellow beak, and a single comb.   Fairly soft feathered so they are good in cold weather and they will become broody if allowed to fill a nest with eggs. They are a fairly tame bird and not very aggressive.  They are barred color, white with bluish tinge, black, buff, and white.  Roosters will weight around seven to eight pounds, hens around six to seven pounds.  They make a good backyard breed due to their excellent temperament.





The Orpington is an older breed and one of the ancestors of the Australorp, one of the better commercial egg layers.  Originating in Britain the bird is a prolific layer, averaging 200 to 220 eggs per year.  A true dual purpose bird the Orpington has a good carcass along with the good egg laying abilities.  The birds are fairly calm and lazy.

The bird came from the South East England town of Orphington, Kent. Despite its large size the birds are able to fly for short distances. 

They are good mothers if you are wanting to raise chicks naturally. They will go broody easily as well.  These days the  Orpington  is used more as a show bird than a commercial breed or backyard flock favorite.

They have soft and heavy feathering so are good for cold areas and range from buff and blue to black, and white. Roosters weigh around 6 to 10 pounds, hens around 5 to 7 pounds.



Pit Game


Descending from the English fighting cocks the Pit Game itself has descended from Old English Game, Aseel, Malay, and Sumatra Game.  The birds were bred for performance both in the air and in ground fighting.  The breed is illegal in many countries and of course the fighting of the birds is illegal in most countries.

Pit Games are mostly used for ornamental purposes as they are poor egg layers and there are better meat birds available.  They are hard feather birds that are mostly black and fairly tall.  Roosters will weigh around six pounds, hens around five pounds.



Malay Game

These are tall birds, originally bred as game chickens or fighting cocks.  They need a lot of room to thrive and don’t do well in colder temperatures due to their light feathering.
There are black, black-red,  Duckwing, Pile, white, and other color varieties.

These very large game birds showed up in England around  1830.   Most came from the Malay Penninsula, others from India.

The birds spread across Europe in the mid 1800’s and by 1846 they showed up in the U.S.  Currently there aren’t alot of Mayla Game birds left in the U.S.

They are a purely ornamental breed raised for show as they are poor egg layers, 120 eggs per year for younger hens, down to  45 eggs per year for the older hens.  They are hard feathered.   The roosters will weigh in around eleven pounds and the hens around nine pounds, laying a cream colored egg. 

There is a dwarf or bantam version as well but it is uncommon in the U.S.





The Langshan came  from China and is a popular breed in Australia. They developed their own variety, the  Australian Langshan in the early 20th century by selective cross breeding of Croad Langshans, Orpingtons, Wakfer Chinese Langshan and Modern Langshan.

They are tall birds with feathered legs and very long wing and tail feathers.  A very active bird it is known for good laying abilities in the winter and will produce as many as 220 eggs per year.   it is a dual purpose bird, good eggs, good meat carcass.   The two main varieties are the early maturing Chinese (Australian) and the rare, but heavier, Croad, named after the British man who originally imported them into Britain from China.

They have soft feathers, are usually black to beetle green but there are white varieties and blue varieties.  They are a heavy bird with roosters weight up to ten pounds and hens up to seven pounds, laying brown eggs.

Early in the last century the Croad Langshams became quite popular as the were good winter layers even if their annual egg production was lower than other breeds at 150 eggs per year.   The hens are good mothers and the birds are easily tamed.  They will accept confinement but also do well on free range.   They do need shelter and dry conditions as they do not do well in areas with a lot of inclement weather. The meat is very good, fine texture and good quality.  







One of the most popular American breeds, the Leghorn will produce up to 320 eggs per year and very important in commercial egg production.  There are around 24 recognized varieties, some that are favored by research labs.   Originating from Italy it has been selectively bred to the point that the hens are rarely broody and is a very active and a good free range chicken.

The Leghorn originates from Italy around 1828 and selective breeding has produced  a rarely broody, active, and excellent free ranging bird.   They don’t make good pets as they are easily excited and they are a noisy bird.   They aren’t a large breed bird, more of a medium size with soft feathers.  There are 13 colors recognized from black to blue, brown buff, white to mottled.  Roosters will weight around 6 pounds, hens will weigh around 5 pounds, laying white eggs.